Programme on Substance Abuse
July 1993 (WHO/PSA/93.7)

A One-Way Street?
Report on Phase I of the Street Children Project

Part 9 of 9

This report is reprinted in nine parts with permission of the World Health Organization, Programme on Substance Abuse, 1993. The document is not a formal publication of the World Health Organization (WHO), and all rights are reserved by the Organization. The document may, however, be freely reviewed, abstracted, reproduced and translated in part or in whole, but not for sale nor for use in conjunction with commercial purposes.

The views expressed in documents by named authors are solely the responsibility of those authors.

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Clark, D.G.; Tinston, D.J. (1982), "Acute Inhalational Toxicity of some Halogenated and Non-Halogenated Hydrocarbons". Human Toxicology, Vol. 1.

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Cunningham, S.R.; Dalzell, G.W.N.; Khan, M. M.; Mcgirr, P.; (1987), "Myocardial-Infarction and Primary Ventricular- Fibrillation After Glue Sniffing", British Medical Journal, Vol. 294, No 6574.

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Dembo, R.; Williams, L.; La Voie, L.; Berry, E.; Getreu, A.; Wish, E.D.; Schmeidler, 1.; Washburn, M. (1989), "Physical Abuse, Sexual Victimization, and Illicit Drug Use: Replication of a Structural Analysis Among a New Sample of High-Risk Youths", Violence and Victims, Vol. 4, No 2.

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Franchet Nguyen, C. (1991), "Health Programs for Street Children in Metro Manila, Philippines" (unpublished Report).

Garrett, G.R. (1989), "Alcohol Problems and Homelessness: History and Research", Contemporary Drug Problems.

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Griesel, R.D.; Jansen, P.; Richter, L.M. (1990), "Electroencephalographic Disturbances Due to Chronic Toxin Abuse in Young People, with Special Reference to Glue-Sniffing", SAMJ, Vol. 78.

Hall, D.L. (1991), "Prevention of Drug Use Among Adolescents", Office of Justice Systems Analysis, Public Policy Report, Vol. 1, No 2.

Hawkins, J., Lishner, D., Catalano, R. and Howard, M. (1985) "Childhood Predictors of Adolescent Substance Abuse: toward an empirically grounded theory." J. Children in Contemporary Society, Vol. 18 (1 and 2): 1148.

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Homel, R.; Burns, A. (1989), "Environmental Quality and the Well Being of Children", Social Indicators Research, Vol. 21.

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Hormes, J.T.; Filley, C.M.; Rosenberg, N.L. "Neurologic Sequelae of Chronic Solvent Vapor Abuse", Neurology, Vol. 36.

Howard, J. (1992) "Therapeutic Issues in the Treatment of Drug Using Youth", Keynote Paper: Youth at Risk National Conference, September, Auckland, New Zealand.

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Knox, J.W.; Nelson, J.R. ( 1966), "Permanent Encephalopathy from Toluene Inhalation", New England J. of Medicine, Vol. 275.

Kohl, S. (1990), "The Challenge of Care for the Poor Child", AMA J, Nov. 30.

Kroeger, R.M.; Moore, R.J.; Lehman, J.H.; Geisyj; Skeeters, C.E.; (1980), "Recurrent Urinary Calculi Associated with Toluene Sniffing'', J. of Urology, Vol. 123.

Kufeldt, K.; Nimmo, M. (1987), "Youth on the Streets: Abuse and Neglect in the Eighties", Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 11.

Lee, J.T. (1989), "Volatile Substance Abuse Within a Health Education Context", Human Toxicol, Vol. 8.

Leite, L. and de Abreu Esteves, M. (1991) "Escola Tia Ciata --a school for street children in Rio de Janeiro." Environment and Urbanization, Vol. 3 (1): 130-139.

Lewis, D.M. (1988), "Adolescent Substance Abuse", J. Med. Assoc. Ga., Vol. 77, No 11.

Linden, C.H. (1990), "Volatile Substance Abuse", Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America, Vol. 8, No 3.

Lohr, K.A. (1987), "Rheumatic Manifestations of Diseases Associated with Substance Abuse", Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism, Vol. 17, No 2.

Lubran, B. (1990), "Alcohol and Drug Abuse Among the Homeless Population: A National Response" in: "Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Among Homeless Men and Women", Haworth Press.

Lusk, M. (1989) "Street Children Programs in Latin America." J.Sociology and Social Welfare, Vol. 16 (1): 55-77.

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Mcchesney, K.Y. (1987), "Homeless Families and Children. Testimony before the US House of Representatives Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families. In: G. Miller (Chair), "The Crisis of Homelessness: Effects on Children and Families", Vol. 5, Washington D.C.

Mchugh, M.J. (1987), "The Abuse of Volatile Substances", Pediatric Clinics of North America, Vol. 34, No 2.

Medina-Mora, M.E.; Ortiz, C.; Caudillo, C.; Lopez, S.; Gomez, F. (1982), "Inhalacion Deliberada de Disolventes en un Grupo de Menores Mexicanos", Salud Mental, Vol. 5, No 5.

Medina-Mora, M.E.; Ryan, P.; Ortiz, A.; Campos, T.; Solis, A. (1980), "Methodologia para la Identificacion Intensiva de Casos y la Vigilancia del Uso de Drogas en Una Comunidad Mexicana", Bolenn de Estupefacientes, Vol. XXXII, No 2.

Medina-Mora, M.E.; Ortiz, A. "Epidemiology of Solvent/lnhalant Abuse in Mexico, Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatria.

Miller, D.S.; Lin, E. (1988), "Children in Sheltered Homeless Families: Reported Health Status and Use of Health Services", Pediatrics, Vol. 81.

Moncher, M., Holden, G. and Schinke, S. (1991) "Psychosocial Correlates of Adolescent Substance Use: a review of current etiological constructs." Internat.J.Addictions, Vol. 26 (4): 377414.

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Morton, H.G. (1987), "Occurrence and Treatment of Solvent Abuse in Children and Adolescents", Pharmacology Therapeutics, Vol. 33.

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Newcomb, M. and Bentler, P. (1989) "Substance Use and Abuse among Children and Teenagers." American Psychologist, Vol. 44 (2): 242- 248.

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de Nicolco, J.; Ardila, I.E.; Castrellon, C.P.; Marino, G.S. (1981), "Musaranas", Servicio Juvenil, Bogota D.E. Colombia.

Ogborne, A.C. (1988), "School-Based Educational Programs to Prevent the Personal Use of Psychoactive Drugs for nonmedical Purposes", Australian Drug and Alcohol Review, Vol. 7.

Ojanuga, D. (1990) "Kanunda Beggar Children: A Study of Child Abuse and Neglect in Northern Nigeria." Child Welfare, Vol. LXIX (4): 371-380.

Ortiz, A.; Sosa, R.; Caudillo, C. (1988), "Estudio de Seguimiento de Usuarios y no Usuarios de Sustancias Inhalables en Poblacion Abierta: Comparacion de sus rendimientos cognitivos", Psiquiatria, Vol. 2.

Ortiz, A. "El Consumo de Inhalantes en Mexico - Variables Psicosociales Asociadas y Consecuencias de su uso".

Ortiz, A.; Caudillo, C. "Family Characteristics of Inhalant Users Versus Non-Inhalant Users", Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatria (Internal Report), Project PCSAXNA-002109.

Ortiz, A.; Caudillo, C. (1985), "Alteraciones Cognitivas en Menores Usarios Cronicos de Sustencias Inhalables - Informe de un Estudio Experimental", Salud Mental, Vol. 27.

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Parker. R.M.; Recorla, L.A.; Finkelstein, J.A.; Barnes, N.; Holmes, J.H.; Stolley, P.D. (1991) "A Survey of the Health of Homeless Children in Philadelphia Shelters", AMA J.

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Section 3: Howard (1992) and country reports prepared for the February 1992 Meeting.

Section 4: PSA material prepared for February 1992 Meeting, and Rhodes and Jason (1988).

Sections 5-8: PSA material prepared for February 1992 Meeting, based on an extensive review of the international literature, and a second review of the literature in January 1993, and country reports.

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